The four have advanced previous research that links intimate partner abuse to postpartum mental health problems. They discovered that 61 per cent of all women who participated in the study experienced mental health symptoms.
The open access journal BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth has published online the researchers' study, Intimate partner abuse before and during pregnancy as risk factors for postpartum mental health problems.
The study examined associations of psychological replica cartier Tank Solo
, physical and sexual abuse experienced by 100 English speaking mothers in British Columbia, aged 18 years and older, in the first three months of their postpartum period.
Even though the abuse was typically minor in nature, such as name calling, any type of intimate partner abuse before or during pregnancy was linked to higher than normal levels of postpartum mental health problems. Forty seven per cent of all women who participated in the study experienced at least moderate mental health symptoms.
The participants were largely from high socioeconomic backgrounds and were not considered at high risk of postpartum mental health problems.
"I think when people hear the word abuse they automatically think about physical abuse replica hublot Big Bang Gold 44mm
," says Pritchard, an SFU psychology student who interviewed the study's participants and helped recruit them.
"This research shows that different types of abuse have negative consequences and should be part of routine health checks for new mothers."
In addition to questions about their general health and wellbeing, participants answered questions about their experiences of intimate partner abuse and about their mental health during their postpartum period.
Their symptoms, which included depression, stress, anxiety http://www.speedroc.com/replica-breitling-avenger.html
, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), were above normal levels and were triggered by specific types of abuse.
For example, psychological abuse verbal and emotional was associated with stress and PTSD. Physical abuse was associated with depression http://www.speedroc.com/replica-breitling-superocean-chronograph-ii.html
, OCD and PTSD. Sexual abuse was associated with OCD.
Multivariate modeling also showed that as the number of types of intimate partner abuse experienced increased especially during pregnancy so did the number of different types of postpartum mental health problems, and their severity.
"Educating both the public and health care professionals about the prevalence and effects of intimate partner abuse would help to diminish the stigma surrounding the issue Fake Breitling Watches UK Incredibly Inexpensive
," says Pritchard. FDA panel recommends approval of NPS hormone replacement drug.